Gastrointestinal Bleeding

  • Skill Level
  • Lectures
    2 Videos
  • Enrolled
    55 students
  • Sample Certificate

What you'll learn

Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the potential life-threatening emergency conditions which require immediate medical intervention. If left untreated, it may lead to hemorrhagic shock or circulatory instability. Gastrointestinal bleeding can originate from any part of the gastrointestinal system. It can be categorized into upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. In about 70 to 80% of cases of gastrointestinal bleeding, the sources of bleeding can be the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum, which refers to upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

Lower gastrointestinal bleeding originates from the area distal to the Ligament of Treitz. The sources of lower gastrointestinal bleeding include the colon, jejunum, and ileum (rarely). The incidence rates of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding are 50 to 150 per 100,000 adults each year and 20 to 30 per 100,000 per year respectively. Furthermore, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding is high in males than females and increases with age. Also, in 15% of patients with presumed lower gastrointestinal bleeding may have the source of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract.

The mortality rate with gastrointestinal bleeding increases with advanced age, due to associated multiple comorbidities, especially renal and hepatic disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and malignancy.

The common causes of gastrointestinal bleeding include infection, cancer, clotting disorders, vascular disorders, and adverse effects of certain medications. Although the diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding is simple, it can pose a diagnostic challenge in case of the absence of clear blood loss through feces.

Based on the presence or absence of blood in the feces, gastrointestinal bleeding is divided int occult GI bleeding and overt GI bleeding. It is important to diagnose the GI bleeding on time and provide the management so that patient doesn’t get affected with shock.

who should attend?
All Healthcare personnel, such as

  • Physicians
  • Dentists, Nurses
  • Paramedical Staff
  • Pharmacists
  • Physicians practicing Alternative Medicine (AYUSH)

Key concepts covered include:

This course on approach to GI bleeding helps all the physicians

  • Understand various causes of GI bleeding
  • Enlist different types of GI bleeding
  • Diagnose GI bleeding
  • Appropriate therapy to the patients who are suffering from GI bleeding


Dr. Niranjan Panigrahi

Consultant, Critical Care Medicine, Apollo Hospital


Consultant, Critical Care Medicine, Apollo Hospital

For: intermediates

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